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Stargazing in the grasslands: Kissimmee Prairie Preserve

Night sky at sunset. Photo by Dick Scott,
Night sky at sunset. (Photo by Dick Scott,, All Rights Reserved)

Amateur astronomers love this place in the heart of Florida’s cow country. So do photographers. Must be its star power.

With 54,000 acres of prairie almost 30 miles from the nearest town, suburban light pollution does not exist in these sprawling grasslands, making the Kissimmee Prairie Preserve ideal for stargazing.

There is a catch: Kissimmee Prairie Preserve State Park closes at sunset.

If you want to observe the twinkling night sky, camping here is your best option. There are three campgrounds: a family campground, another for equestrians, and a restricted area for astronomers known as the “red light district” with five tent sites. There are also three primitive sites along trails for backpackers.

Not a camper?

We met a couple from Tampa who booked a campsite solely for the purpose of photographing the night sky. They were staying in a motel 25 miles away, but reserving a campsite was their only option to obtain the entrance gate combination for nighttime access.

Kissimmee Prairie Preserve State Park is one of only two “Dark Sky Parks” destinations in Florida, as designated by the International Dark Sky Association. The other is Big Cypress National Preserve.

After-hours permits are available but limited to holders of a Florida State Parks Family Annual Pass ($120), who must still obtain a permit in advance from the park office. Card-carrying members of Friends of Kissimmee Prairie Preserve may also be allowed entrance after dark by calling ahead, according to a ranger we talked to.

In the alternative, the Vero Beach-based Treasure Coast Astronomy Club sponsors outings to the preserve and other locations for night viewing.

astronomers pads at kissimmee prairie preserve state park
Astronomers and photographers set up their gear and camp in the “red light district,” which has five tent sites. (Photo by Bob Rountree)

Sunrise and sunsets are also an amazing sight above the endless sea of prairie grass,  occasionally dotted with shady hammocks of live oak, cypress and sabal palms.

But this spectacular park is not just for astronomy buffs.

Bird lovers flock here to photograph the rare and endangered Florida grasshopper sparrow or pay homage to the extinct Carolina parakeet, the only parrot species native to the southeastern United States whose last known nesting site was on this prairie.

“As with all locations, you need to pack your patience,” says photographer Dick Scott, who visits the prairie often from his home in Tampa. “There is always something to photograph, but you sometimes have to look for it. If you went to KPPSP for night photography, and the clouds roll in, practice some light painting.”

Crested Carrera. Photo by Dick Scott
The colorful crested caracara is a low-flying falcon suited to the Kissimmee Prairie habitat. (Photo courtesy Dick Scott,

The colorful Crested Caracara is a big attraction for bird lovers, and you may spot a burrowing owl, Redwing blackbird and seasonal visits of the the swallow-tailed kite and rare white-tailed kite.

“When you are walking the wildlife trails, be very quiet and look carefully and you’ll find many hidden treasures. From tiny flowers to all kinds of insects and small creatures,” Scott said.

“Look at everything, and you’ll come up with some amazing pictures.”

The preserve boasts the most butterfly diversity of any state park in Florida, a broad range of resident and migratory butterflies.

Spring and fall bring bursts of wildflowers throughout the preserve.

Field Guides for Kissimmee Prairie Preserve State Park

These are downloadable PDFs, courtesy Florida State Parks

Keep abreast of events sponsored by the Friends of Kissimmee Prairie Preserve, such as the Spring Wildflower Walk in late April or the Summer Wildflower Walk in June, by following their Facebook page. Space is limited, so you’ll need to register well ahead of time.

If you go it alone into this wilderness, it’s a good idea to stop by the ranger station for trail maps, prairie conditions and warnings.

Best time to visit? For night-sky photography and stargazing, shoot for the new moon, when the sky is at its darkest.

Kissimmee Prairie Preserve open prairie with little shade

Bring your shade. A wide-brimmed hat if you’re hiking, riding a bicycle or a horse. A pop-up canopy is a good idea if you’re setting up for a day of photography while quietly waiting for the wildlife to come to life.

Kissimmee Prairie Preserve
Kissimmee Prairie State Park

Wear boots if you are venturing off onto the 100-plus miles of multi-use trails for hikers, bicyclists and equestrians. Many trails go deep into what is technically a “dry” prairie but laced with wetlands and standing water at any time of year. During the summer wet season, even “dry” prairie gets soaked.

All this water feeds an abundance of prairie grass, tree hammocks and wildflowers before draining off into the nearby Kissimmee River and its tributaries, through Lake Okeechobee and eventually through the Everglades, taking a year for its slow flow to Florida Bay.

While the preserve’s park roads offers miles of excellent bicycling, most of the off-road multi-use trails are sandy and, being shared with horses, can sometimes see a lot of churn, a challenge to all but the most experienced off-roaders.

Bicycle rentals are available at the park office for $2 per hour, $6 for 4 hours.

Our visit to the Kissimmee Prairie Preserve

We had no idea what to expect when I made a reservation for a campsite at the Kissimmee Prairie Preserve State Park, other than our anticipation for diving deep into cattle ranch territory and viewing the night sky.

I didn’t even know about this place until I saw a sign pointing to it on an earlier ramble along U.S. 441. I made a point to return on another day, and that day came in early March, a few days before the new moon, prime time for stargazing.

As it turned out, the stars that night were partially obscured by cloud cover, but my disappointment was tempered by the dramatic prairie views and a sense of being alone in the middle of nowhere.

Little did I know how far the preserve was from that simple sign on a remote stretch of U.S. 441, halfway between the city of Okeechobee and Yeehaw Junction.

You have to drive 22 miles east through a procession of cattle ranches, and when you finally reach the main park gate, you’ll still have to drive another five lonely miles on a shell-rock road through the prairie to the ranger station and campgrounds.

Camping in the Kissimmee Prairie Preserve

kissimmee prairie preserve
In keeping with the dark sky focus, red lighting is common, though optional in the family campground. (Photo by Bob Rountree)

The three main campgrounds are clustered around the ranger station and include 16 RV/tent sites in the family campground, 14 equestrian sites for RVs with unshaded paddocks for the horses, and five astronomy pads for tents only.

All of the sites in the family and equestrian campgrounds have water, electric, fire ring and a picnic table. Firewood is available at a lean-to in the campground for $7 a bundle. Proceeds support the work of the Friends of the Kissimmee Prairie Preserve.

The astronomy pads are a restricted space known as the “red light district,” where only red spectrum lights are permitted after dark so as not to interfere with telescopes or photography.

The red-light theme carries into the family campground, where RVs and tenters voluntarily follow the protocol.

Despite being in the middle of an open prairie, the family and equestrian campgrounds are shady, harbored in a large hammock of live oaks and sabal palmetto, Florida’s state tree and popularly known as the cabbage palm.

Kisssimmee Prairie Preserve State Park, 33104 NW 192nd Ave., Okeechobee, FL 34972. Phone: 863-462-5360. Camping fees: $16/night plus tax and a $6.70 booking fee. (Includes hookups.) Reservations: (800) 326-3521.

Primitive camping: Want to really get away? There are two primitive camping sites you reach via a several mile hike. Primitive campsites are available for $5. To reserve a primitive campsite, call the park at 863-696-1112.

Getting there: A little tricky on back roads. For specific directions from your location, view the larger version of the above map.

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