Central Florida / Historic / News

Frank Lloyd Wright buildings make Lakeland campus unique — and beautiful


The Danforth Chapel was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, one of 12 Wright buildings on the campus of Florida Southern College in Lakeland.

The Danforth Chapel was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, one of 12 Wright structures on the campus of Florida Southern College in Lakeland.

The most beautiful college campus in the country. What do you picture? Traditional brick and ivy quadrangles; a bit of New England perhaps?

That’s not how Florida Southern College in Lakeland won that title.

Florida Southern College’s beauty comes from being different — unique, in fact: It has largest collection of buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright on one site.  It was named the most beautiful campus for 2011 and 2012 in the Princeton Review based on student surveys.

Frank Lloyd Wright Florida Southern College campus

The most striking building in the Frank Lloyd Wright-designed campus is the tall Annie Pfeiffer Chapel, whose tower is called “the bicycle rack in the sky.” Note the Wright-designed covered walkway along the left.

Florida Southern College draws Frank Lloyd Wright fans from around the world, but beyond that group, it’s not a well-known destination.

Frank Lloyd Wright Florida Southern College campus

All of the buildings on the Frank Lloyd Wright-designed campus of Florida Southern College are connected via the Esplanade.

Even if you don’t know a lot about architecture, however, the lovely Florida Southern campus makes an interesting stop when you’re near Lakeland.  A free brochure with a walking tour gives essential background. You can stroll the campus at your own pace and go inside three buildings.

Frank Lloyd Wright Florida Southern College campus

The concrete block walls of Pfeiffer Chapel have small squares of colored glass embedded to create a beautiful lighting effect from inside or out.

Those who want more background and information can reserve a spot on the one-hour guided tour, offered at 10 a.m., noon and 2 p.m. for $20. These tours go inside three open buildings.

The most ardent fans go on the two-hour guided tour ($35) which takes you inside more buildings. It is offered at 10:30 a.m. and 1 p.m. If you’re a real fan, you’ll want a weekday visit when more buildings are open for tours than on weekends.

The visitor center and tours are available seven days a week. (Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Years Day.)

Touring the Frank Lloyd Wright-designed campus

Frank Lloyd Wright Florida Southern College campus

Florida Southern College campus, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.

The first surprise is that in flat Florida, this campus is on a hill. The campus is built around scenic Lake Hollingsworth. The Wright-designed buildings are 80 feet above the lakeshore.

There are 12 structures designed by Frank Lloyd Wright on campus, including the Water Dome — a huge fountain — and a mile of covered walkways. Built between 1941 and 1958, many buildings are in some stage of restoration.

Along with a couple of architecture buffs from the Netherlands, we took the two-hour guided campus tour led by retired college administrator Bill Stephens.

The most striking building in the Wright-designed campus is the tall Annie Pfeiffer Chapel, whose unusual tower is called “the bicycle rack in the sky.”  My favorite was the smaller Danforth Chapel, with its orange-and-gold stained glass window. The chapel still has its original Wright-designed pews and cushions.

All of the buildings are connected via the Esplanade, the copper-trimmed covered walkway. At first, I found the walkway disconcertingly low – it’s only 6 foot eight 8 inches high for most of its length. But as I walked the campus, I admired the cantilevered roof lines, the patterns in the bases and especially the areas where Wright cut away roof windows to frame views of the Florida sky.

Our guided tour told the back story on how Wright was enticed to Central Florida (the college president played to Wright’s enormous ego) and how, despite the Great Depression and World War II, a Methodist college with no endowment could afford to build these structures.

Beautiful campus, Florida Southern College campus

Landscaping, gardens and fountains have been added to beautify the campus of Florida Southern College. The walkway in the background is the Esplanade designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.

The answer, as it turns out, is they put their students to work. Labor for several of the buildings came from students, some of whom got free tuition in exchange. With male students largely gone during World War II, at least one building was built primarily by female students.

Some buildings have been so changed over the years that it is difficult to see Frank Lloyd Wright’s vision. Touring the library, for example, is an exercise in imagining how it once looked before its open spaces were chopped up to make it more usable.

Historic marker Frank Lloyd Wright Florida Southern College campus

The Frank Lloyd Wright-designed campus of Florida Southern College in Lakeland has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1975.

Other buildings are examples of Wright ideas that didn’t work out that well over time. He loved flat roofs, for example. But Florida’s thunderous downpours make them impractical in the long run. One flat-roofed building, the science lab, is made ugly by a roof full of fans and ductwork that is required to replace all the air in the chemistry labs in 45 seconds, the current safety standard.

Elsewhere, windows designed for clear glass have been covered with what looks like rice paper to cut down on heat gain from the sun, destroying the light and the view of clouds Frank Lloyd Wright envisioned.

But there are magical moments, too. On the in-depth tour, you go into the theater in the round Wright designed. The amazing acoustics make a whisper spoken along the wall audible throughout the room. Meanwhile a person standing in the center of the room hears an echo of his voice that no one else hears. (It is, the guide joked, for professors who like to hear themselves talk.)

Frank Lloyd Wright Florida Southern College campus

Few people say Frank Lloyd Wright designed beautiful or comfortable furniture. These were chairs designed for the library at Florida Southern College.

You can’t help but be enchanted by the concrete block walls of Pfeiffer Chapel, in which small squares of colored glass are embedded to create a beautiful lighting effect. Similarly, the Water Dome, a 160-foot-wide perfect circle, is magnificent when the fountains are blasting and creating a dome of water spray. (To conserve water, the fountain flows on a posted schedule a few hours each day.)

The Frank Lloyd Wright-designed buildings are not your typical college campus, and that’s the beauty of them.

Other things to do in Lakeland

Lakeland has a traditional downtown with some good restaurants and shops at Main and Kentucky. That intersection is a block from lovely Mirror Lake with its historic Promenade, which makes a pleasant .65 mile walk around the lake. Along the walkway is Hollis Gardens, which has formal flower beds and fountains overlooking Mirror Lake.

There are many lakes in Lakeland, and you should watch for swans on them. They are all descendants of two royal swans bestowed on the city by Queen Elizabeth in 1954.

On the outskirts of Lakeland is a favorite spot for birders from around the state: Circle Bar B Reserve. The large park is just minutes outside of town and features good hiking, appealing picnic facilities, a nature center as well as ideal conditions for attracting birds in the winter.

Planning your trip to Lakeland

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