Washington Oaks: Gardens plus unusual beach

Gazebo in Washington Oaks Gardens State Park, Palm Coast
Spring-fed streams wind through gardens.
Coquina rocks at Washington Oaks Gardens State Park, Palm Coast
Water has created fanciful swirls in the coquina rocks at the beach
Coquina rocks at Washington Oaks Gardens State Park, Palm Coast
Coquina rocks line the shoreline

~ PALM COAST ~ Washington Oaks has a split personality — there are two distinctly different reasons to visit this state park near St. Augustine.

With a name like Washington Oaks Gardens, you expect formal gardens. And they are lovely — ancient spreading oak trees, a meandering waterway fed by a clear spring, plantings of roses and azaleas, a gazebo and numerous photo-worthy scenes.

But the surprise element is the beach. There is barely a sign; the road to the beach references only the “Florida scrub” habitat adjoining the beach. But if you did your research (or read Florida Rambler), you know that the beach at Washington Oaks is lined with coquina rocks carved by the elements into swirls and bowls and all sorts of  fantastical shapes.

The main road into Washington Oaks Gardens State Park in Palm Coast is the original two-lane A1A.
The main park road is the original two-lane A1A, a great place to bicycle

The St. Augustine area  is sometimes called the First Coast because of St. Augustine’s  history. But I think it should be called the Coquina Coast, because of this unusual and beautiful rock, which appears almost nowhere else on earth and plays such a big role here.

Coquina is a soft rock made of ancient marine reefs and limestone. It’s the rock used in the magnificent Castillo San Marco in St. Augustine. It’s the rock that erodes and leaves the beaches of Flagler Beach a lovely cinnamon color.

At Washington Oaks, the coquina juts out of the sand and the winds and waves have shaped it into a sort of natural sculpture.

Gardens at Washington Oaks Gardens State Park
Lush landscaping in Washington Oaks gardens.

When you walk down to the beach at Washington Oaks, you’ll first see some low outcroppings of coquina. Head north along the shore, and the rocks get larger and more fantastic. The rocks extend some distance north and also crop up in the water. At high tide, the water crashing in the coquina rocks is a spectacular sight. At low tide, the coquina shapes create tide pools with little  sea creatures.

The park road to the beach is marked “Florida scrub habitat” and is directly off of scenic A1A. It  leads to a beach parking lot with about 30 spaces.

While you’re admiring the beach, don’t miss the other side of the park — the gardens, trails and Matanzas River waterfront. This area is the result of efforts by a man who saw the potential of radio in the 20th century — Owen Young, founder of RCA Corporation and eventually chairman of General Electric.

Caladiums with tiki sculpture at Washington Oaks Gardens State Park, Palm Coast
Caladiums with tiki sculpture

He bought this property near St. Augustine  in 1937 as a winter retreat and with his wife Louise, developed the formal gardens that took an already beautiful spot and put it over the top.  In 1962, Mr. Young died and shortly before her death in 1965, Mrs. Young gave most of the land to the state of Florida. She specified that the gardens be maintained in their present form.

Tortoise at Washington Oaks Gardens State Park, Palm Coast
We stopped to admire a gopher tortoise.

The formal gardens are a small part of the park, which contains several short hiking trails through magnificent oak forests and along the Matanzas River. When we visited, we saw three or four manatees swimming by (menaced, sadly, by the ever-present fast boat traffic.)  We also enjoyed watching an agile gopher tortoise  go about his lunch activities.

So why is it called Washington Oaks? Because, like the rest of the St. Augustine area,  the site has a rich and interesting history.  The land was originally a cotton and sugar plantation called Bella Vista and owned by a Spanish general.  His daughter married a distant relative of George Washington in 1845.

Planning your visit to Washington Oaks Gardens State Park:

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    The beach at Washington Oaks is very wide, and you’ll probably have it mostly all to yourself, for the reasons cited in the article. Parking at Washington Oaks beach is not free: you pay a user fee at the lot or just pay admission to the park at the entrance booth on the other side of A1A and you’re good to park at the beach.

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    Very interesting. My husband and I were just considering a stay at an RV park close to the beach in this very area. Your article makes it even more tempting now. Thanks for the info.

    • Bonnie Gross


      I really loved this area on my recent visit. I have a series of posts on it coming up — Princess Place Preserve, Fort Matanzas, St. Augustine itself and the scenic drive on A1A.

      It’s Old Florida — no traffic, free parking on the beach, sweet tea in the restaurants.