Washington Oaks State Park has a split personality — there are two distinctly different reasons to visit this state park near St. Augustine.
With a name like Washington Oaks Gardens, you expect formal gardens. And they are lovely — ancient spreading oak trees, a meandering waterway fed by a clear spring, plantings of roses and azaleas, a gazebo and numerous photo-worthy scenes.
But the surprise element is the beach. There is barely a sign; the road to the beach references only the “Florida scrub” habitat adjoining the beach. But if you did your research (or read Florida Rambler), you know that the beach at Washington Oaks is lined with coquina rocks carved by the elements into swirls and bowls and all sorts of fantastical shapes. Keep reading to see more about the beach below.
Gardens and waterfront
The gardens, trails and Matanzas River waterfront have been maintained as beautiful gardens for more than 80 years. It started with a man who saw the potential of radio in the 20th century — Owen Young, founder of RCA Corporation and eventually chairman of General Electric.
He bought this property near St. Augustine in 1937 as a winter retreat and with his wife Louise, developed the formal gardens that took an already beautiful spot and put it over the top. In 1962, Mr. Young died and shortly before her death in 1965, Mrs. Young gave most of the land to the state of Florida. She specified that the gardens be maintained in their present form.
The formal gardens are a small part of the park, which contains several short hiking trails through magnificent oak forests and along the Matanzas River. When we visited, we saw three or four manatees swimming by (very close, sadly, to the ever-present fast boat traffic.) We also enjoyed watching an agile gopher tortoise go about his lunch activities.
So why is it called Washington Oaks? Because, like the rest of the St. Augustine area, the site has a rich and interesting history. The land was originally a cotton and sugar plantation called Bella Vista and owned by a Spanish general. His daughter married a distant relative of George Washington in 1845.
Hiking at Washington Oaks State Park
This relatively small park (21 acres) has some scenic short trails you will see on the map below. The park has a mature coastal maritime hammock and thus trails are shady, traveling on the edge of dense coastal scrub. Two trails to consider:
- The Bella Vista trails are a 1.7-mile trail system that includes the Timucuan hiking trail, Jungle Road hike and bike trail, and the Old A1A hike and bike trail.
- The Mala Compra trail is a half-mile loop between the coastal maritime hammock and the estuarine tidal marsh along the Matanzas River.
Coquina rocks make beach special
On the ocean side of this park is something special — a beach three-quarters of a mile long lined with coquina rocks.
The St. Augustine area is sometimes called the First Coast because of St. Augustine’s history. But I think it should be called the Coquina Coast, because of this unusual and beautiful rock, which appears almost nowhere else on earth and plays such a big role here.
Coquina is a soft rock made of ancient marine reefs and limestone. It’s the rock used in the magnificent Castillo San Marco in St. Augustine. It’s the rock that erodes and leaves the beaches of Flagler Beach a lovely cinnamon color.
At Washington Oaks, the coquina juts out of the sand and the winds and waves have shaped it into a sort of natural sculpture.
When you walk down to the beach, you’ll first see some low outcroppings of coquina. Head north along the shore, and the rocks get larger and more fantastic. The rocks extend some distance north and also crop up in the water.
The park road to the beach is marked “Florida scrub habitat” and is directly off of scenic A1A. It leads to a beach parking lot with about 30 spaces.
Washington Oaks State Park fishing
You can fish along the seawall on the Matanzas River plus surf fishing is allowed on the beach. Whiting and blue fish are routinely caught in the surf; trout, redfish, drum and flounder along the seawall.
Washington Oaks State Park
6400 N Ocean Shore Blvd, Palm Coast, FL 32137
The park offers a picnic area and playground, but there is no camping.
Planning your visit to Washington Oaks State Park
- Washington Oaks Gardens State Park official site
- Flagler Beach: Escape to real Florida beach town
- Ormond Beach Scenic Loop and Trail: Nearby scenic drive through woods and along beach
- Fort Matanzas, is a smaller Spanish fort built 50 years after St. Augustine’s Castillo de San Marcos. It’s a great stop because you take a small boat to the fort past spectacular scenery. And it’s free.
- Castillo de San Marcos, the fort in St. Augustine, is a must-visit in the area.
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The author, Bonnie Gross, travels with her husband David Blasco, discovering off-the-beaten path places to hike, kayak, bike, swim and explore. Florida Rambler was founded in 2010 by Bonnie and fellow journalist Bob Rountree, two long-time Florida residents who have spent decades exploring the Florida outdoors. Their articles have been published in the Sun Sentinel, the Miami Herald, the Orlando Sentinel, The Guardian and Visit Florida.