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Rainbow River: Pure spring water makes kayaking, tubing tops

Last updated on October 20th, 2021 at 02:02 pm

It’s clear: The Rainbow River is exceptionally popular because it is exceptionally clear.

It’s so clear that when you gaze into the river from a kayak, you can see the shadow of your boat on the sandy bottom. You peer into the water and the fish look like they’re in an aquarium, and they too cast shadows on the sandy bottom.

It’s no wonder Rainbow River tubing is a sensation and that in winter especially, Rainbow River kayaking is so special. 

The water in the Rainbow River is so clear you see th bright-green eel grass waving in water. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
The water is so clear you see the bright-green eel grass and schools of fish, which makes Rainbow River tubing and kayaking such a joy.. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow Spring, Florida’s fourth largest spring, has dozens of bubbling vents producing a swimming area at Rainbows Springs State Park in Dunnellon that looks like one of the cleanest pools you’ve ever seen.

As you paddle with the current from the headspring, the 72-degree water stays clear for 6.5 miles until it merges with the tea-colored Withlacoochee River in Dunnellon.

While the Rainbow River isn’t a wild river – there are houses along the west bank the entire run – it is an aquatic preserve and is full of wildlife.

It may be the most reliable place to see otters in a Florida river. (We saw two, separately, and other kayakers we met spotted at least one that day.)

The Rainbow River is also full of birds – we enjoyed darting kingfishers, a tall snag with 20 woodstorks decorating it like ornaments, great blue herons and little blue herons, among many others. (This was on a winter day when the river had fewer visitors than during a summer weekend.)

Water clarify on Rainbow River is extraordinary. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Water clarity on Rainbow River is extraordinary. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow River tubing is king in summer

In summer, the Rainbow River sees hundreds of people on tubes float down its pristine waters every day. Tubing season runs April to October.

To minimize the impact of so many people, the Rainbow River has extensive limits on what you can bring on the river – no coolers, no alcohol, no food or beverages in disposable containers, no paper towels or bags.

Rainbow River near Dunnellon is an aquatic preserve and has strict rules of what you can bring to the river.
Rainbow River kayaking: So peaceful outside Rainbow River tubing season. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Perhaps as result, we saw very little litter. For a river that is extensively used and visited, it looked healthy and natural.

There are two locations for tubers to put in – KP Hole County Park and the state park’s tube entrance, which is operated by Guest Services. (Details below)

Rainbow River kayaking during the quiet season

From fall to spring, the Rainbow River belongs to kayakers, and it makes for an outstanding outing.

We used Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak to transport us and our canoe to KP Hole County Park. From there, we paddled upstream a mile to Rainbow Springs State Park, where there is a kayak landing, and then paddled with the current back to our car at Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak. Paddling against the current is a bit of work, but not bad for a mile.

Kayaking the Rainbow River. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
 Rainbow River kayaking; few crowds in winter. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

The springhead itself is not as dramatic as some first magnitude springs, such as Silver Springs in Ocala. It is surrounded by tall grass and wetlands and there is no single vent that can be identified as “the spring.” Instead Rainbow Springs has a hundred different small vents along its headwaters.

On the paddle downstream, there are just a few public places you can get out and stretch your legs.

The scenery never stops being stunning the whole way.

Rainbow Springs State Park near Dunnellon was originally a roadside attraction, and these man-made waterfalls date to that era. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Rainbow River near Dunnellon is an aquatic preserve and has strict rules of what you can bring to the river. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Be sure to visit Rainbow Springs State Park

Rainbow Springs State Park makes a great stop on an outing to the area.

Rainbow Springs was a commercial roadside attraction from the 1930s to 1973, but when the newly built Interstate system sucked traffic out of small towns, it could not compete with the likes of Disney, which opened in 1971. After shutting down, the community rallied to save Rainbow Springs from development and it became a state park that opened in 1992.

Along the Rainbow River near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Rainbow Springs State Park near Dunnellon was originally a roadside attraction, and these man-made waterfalls date to that era. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Remnants of Rainbow Springs’ life as an attraction are visible in the landscaping, which includes lushly landscaped waterfalls with hills and bridges. (The hilly landscape actually comes from when the area was mined for phosphates.)

There was a zoo and a rodeo show, and signs mark the foundations of these buildings. In its heyday, Rainbow Springs had a monorail and submarine-like boats with underwater windows.

Today, Rainbow Springs State Park provides a pleasant shady walk through gardens, several picnic pavilions and a snack bar and gift shop. There are a few miles of trails beyond the landscaped area too.

Also, if you want a shorter Rainbow River kayak experience, when tubing season is over, you can rent kayaks, canoes and SUPs at the park and paddle downstream as far you’d like and return.

Cypress trees turn a golden yellow and orange in fall. Along the Rainbow River near Dunnellon
Rainbow River kayaking near Dunnellon: Cypress trees turn a golden yellow and orange in fall. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow Springs State Park
19158 SW 81st Place Road
Dunnellon, FL 34432
(352) 465-8555

Admission is $2 per person to the park.

Rainbow River snorkeling and scuba diving is popular too

The Rainbow River’s clarity makes it popular with divers too, and the Rainbow has an unusual arrangement that caters to them. A water taxi can pick up divers at KP Hole Park and transport them a mile to near the springhead, from where they swim back to the park. We saw several divers, some in wet suits, with diver-down flags floating along our paddling route. (Make arrangements in advance to use the water taxi.)

Rainbow River near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Rainbow River kayaking: Clear water sparkles blue green in the sun near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow River kayak and canoe rentals and livery service

Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak is located near the confluence of the Rainbow and the Withlacoochee rivers in Dunnellon. They drop paddlers off at KP Hole Park, from where it is a two to three hour paddle back. Add an hour if you paddle upstream to the park, as we recommend. 

If you bring your own kayak or canoe, there is a fee to have it hauled to KP Park and you paddle back to your car at your leisure. There is a $5 per person fee charged at KP Park.

Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak
12121 River View

Clear water sparkles blue green in the sun on the Rainbow River near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
The well-equipped KP Hole Park along the Rainbow River is one of two put-in spots for tubers and kayakers. (Photo: David Blasco)

Rainbow River tubing tips

In summer, you can rent tubes from the Marion County concession at KP Hole Park ($25 per person) and Guest Services at the Rainbow Springs State Park ($20 per ticket.) Both Rainbow River tubing concessions include shuttles to take you back to your car.

It takes two hours to float down the Rainbow River from the state park’s launch site and about four hours if you launch from KP Hole Park. The launch sites for the two operations are on opposite sides of the river.

The state park’s tube entrance is located on S.W. 180th Avenue Road, Dunnellon.

KP Hole Park is at 9435 SW 190th Avenue Road, Dunnellon.

On summer weekends, both Rainbow River tubing operations generally reach capacity, so early arrival is essential.

The county has developed an extensive dock and launch area at KP Hole in order to minimize impact on the river. It includes changing and showering facilities as well as lockers for valuables.

Both Rainbow River tubing concessions also offer canoes, kayaks and SUPs in the summer, when paddlers can use the same shuttle service as tubers.

Rainbow River tubing resources:

Kayaking Rainbow River near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow Springs State Park camping

In a separate location from the headspring of the Rainbow River, the park has a campground with 60 sites for RVers and tent campers.The campground is at 18185 SW 94th St., Dunnellon.

For camping reservations go to or call 1-800-326-3521, Monday-Friday, from 8 a.m. until 8 p.m. up to 11 months in advance. 

Things to do in Dunnellon and near Rainbow Springs State Park

Here is a Florida Rambler guide of things to do in Dunnellon.

The Withlacoochee River is another excellent kayaking river, and you can use the same service, Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak, to rent gear or livery service. We paddled the 9-mile “Forest Float.” It is a much wilder, more remote paddle with far fewer people than the Rainbow River. The water is not clear (it’s stained with tannin) but it’s a beautiful paddle.

The town of Dunnellon has a small, charming historic district with a few shops to browse. There are a surprising number of good restaurants too.

Silver Springs State Park is 45 minutes to the east. It’s another gorgeous spring and spectacular river for paddling. Here’s a Florida Rambler guide to Silver Springs.

Crystal River, home of “swim with the manatee” tours is 20 minutes away. It’s the site of the beautiful Three Sisters Spring, which can attract hundreds of manatees on cold winter days. Here’s a Florida Rambler guide to Crystal River.

A note from the editor:

The information in this article was accurate when published but can change without notice. Please confirm details when planning your trip by following the links in this article.

This article is the property of and is protected by U.S. Copyright Law. Re-publication without written permission is against the law.

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Killer Kayaks

Friday 10th of November 2017

Looks like I found something fun to do when I visit my cousins in December. The one thing I can appreciate about FL is the weather in the "winter". Good stuff here, Bonnie. Will be checking out more info here, thanks.


Tuesday 7th of November 2017

Bonnie thanks so much for always providing such great and thoughtful posts on all the beauty Florida has to offer. I have a small outdoor group in S FL and we just recently went to your suggested location of Little Manatee River SP for camping and paddling. It was a lovely location. Maybe we'll cross paddling paths out in the beautiful wilderness someday. I'll look forward to it :) Melissa

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