Skip to Content

Rainbow River gushes with pure spring water; it’s like tubing or kayaking in an aquarium

It’s clear. The Rainbow River is exceptionally popular because it is exceptionally clear.

It’s so clear that when you gaze into the river from a kayak, you can see the shadow of your boat on the sandy bottom. You peer into the water and the fish look like they’re in an aquarium, and they too cast shadows on the sandy bottom.

It’s no wonder Rainbow River tubing is a sensation and that in winter especially, Rainbow River kayaking is so special. 

The water in the Rainbow River is so clear you see th bright-green eel grass waving in water. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
The water is so clear you see the bright-green eel grass and schools of fish, which makes Rainbow River tubing and kayaking such a joy. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow Springs, Florida’s fourth largest spring, has dozens of bubbling vents producing a swimming area at Rainbows Springs State Park in Dunnellon that looks like one of the cleanest pools you’ve ever seen.

As you paddle with the current from the headspring, the 72-degree water stays clear for 6.5 miles until it merges with the tea-colored Withlacoochee River in Dunnellon.

While the Rainbow River isn’t a wild river – there are houses along the west bank the entire run – it is an aquatic preserve and is full of wildlife.

It may be the most reliable place to see otters in a Florida river. (We saw two, separately, and other kayakers we met spotted at least one that day.)

The Rainbow River is also full of birds – we enjoyed darting kingfishers, a tall snag with 20 woodstorks decorating it like ornaments, great blue herons and little blue herons, among many others. (This was on a winter day when the river had fewer visitors than during a summer weekend.)

Water clarify on Rainbow River is extraordinary. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Water clarity on Rainbow River is extraordinary thanks to Rainbow Springs, which has the fourth highest volume of water of all the springs in Florida . (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow Springs tubing is king in summer

In summer, the Rainbow River sees hundreds of people on tubes float down its pristine waters every day. Tubing season runs April to October.

To minimize the impact of so many people, the Rainbow River has extensive limits on what you can bring on the river – no coolers, no alcohol, no food or beverages in disposable containers, no paper towels or bags.

Rainbow River near Dunnellon is an aquatic preserve and has strict rules of what you can bring to the river.
Rainbow River kayaking: So peaceful outside Rainbow Springs tubing season. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Perhaps as result, we saw very little litter. For a river that is extensively used and visited, it looked healthy and natural.

There are two locations for tubers to put in – KP Hole County Park and the state park’s tube entrance, which is operated by Guest Services. (Tubing details below.)

Rainbow River kayaking during the quiet season

From fall to spring, the Rainbow River belongs to kayakers, and it makes for an outstanding outing.

We used Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak to transport us and our canoe to KP Hole County Park. From there, we paddled upstream a mile to Rainbow Springs State Park, where there is a kayak landing, and then paddled with the current back to our car at Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak. Paddling against the current is a bit of work, but not bad for one mile.

Kayaking the Rainbow River. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
 Rainbow River kayaking; few crowds in winter. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

The Rainbow Springs springhead itself is not as dramatic as some first magnitude springs, such as Silver Springs in Ocala. It is surrounded by tall grass and wetlands and there is no single vent that can be identified as “the spring.” Instead Rainbow Springs has a hundred different small vents along its headwaters.

On the paddle downstream, there are just a few public places you can get out and stretch your legs.

The scenery never stops being stunning the whole way.

Rainbow Springs State Park near Dunnellon was originally a roadside attraction, and these man-made waterfalls date to that era. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Rainbow River near Dunnellon is an aquatic preserve and has strict rules of what you can bring to the river. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Be sure to visit Rainbow Springs State Park

While a tubing or paddling trip doesn’t general start or even stop here, Rainbow Springs State Park makes a great outing while in the area.

Rainbow Springs was a commercial roadside attraction from the 1930s to 1973, but when the newly built Interstate system sucked traffic out of small towns, it could not compete with the likes of Disney, which opened in 1971. After shutting down, the community rallied to save Rainbow Springs from development and it became a state park that opened in 1992.

Along the Rainbow River near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Rainbow Springs State Park near Dunnellon was originally a roadside attraction, and these man-made waterfalls date to that era. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Remnants of Rainbow Springs’ life as an attraction are visible in the landscaping, which includes lushly landscaped waterfalls with hills and bridges. (The hilly landscape actually comes from when the area was mined for phosphates.)

There was a zoo and a rodeo show, and signs mark the foundations of these buildings. In its heyday, Rainbow Springs had a monorail and submarine-like boats with underwater windows.

Map of Rainbow Springs State Park
Map of Rainbow Springs State Park

Today, Rainbow Springs State Park provides a pleasant shady walk through gardens, several picnic pavilions and a snack bar and gift shop. There are a few miles of trails beyond the landscaped area too.

There is a swimming area at Rainbow Springs, but it’s not for everybody: The 72-degree water is more than 10 feet deep and there is no lifeguard. All inflatables, including rafts, tubes and balls, are not allowed in the park for safety reasons. Swimmers may wear life preservers or use swim noodles.

Also, if you want a shorter Rainbow River kayak experience, when tubing season is over, you can rent kayaks, canoes and SUPs at the park and paddle downstream as far you’d like and return.

Cypress trees turn a golden yellow and orange in fall. Along the Rainbow River near Dunnellon
Rainbow River kayaking near Dunnellon: Cypress trees turn a golden yellow and orange in fall. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow Springs State Park
19158 SW 81st Place Road
Dunnellon, FL 34432
(352) 465-8555

Admission is $2 per person to the park.

Rainbow River snorkeling and scuba diving is popular too

The Rainbow River’s clarity makes it popular with divers too, and the Rainbow has an unusual arrangement that caters to them. A water taxi can pick up divers at KP Hole Park and transport them a mile to near the springhead, from where they swim back to the park. We saw several divers, some in wet suits, with diver-down flags floating along our paddling route. (Make arrangements in advance to use the water taxi.)

Rainbow River near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Rainbow River kayaking: Clear water sparkles blue green in the sun near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow River kayak and canoe rentals and livery service

Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak is located near the confluence of the Rainbow and the Withlacoochee rivers in Dunnellon. They drop paddlers off at KP Hole Park, from where it is a two to three hour paddle back. Add an hour if you paddle upstream to the park, as we recommend. 

If you bring your own kayak or canoe, there is a fee to have it hauled to KP Park and you paddle back to your car at your leisure. There is a $5 per person fee charged at KP Park.

Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak
12121 River View

Clear water sparkles blue green in the sun on the Rainbow River near Dunnellon. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
The well-equipped KP Hole Park along the Rainbow River is one of two put-in spots for tubers and kayakers at Rainbow Springs. (Photo: David Blasco)

Rainbow River tubing tips

In summer, you can rent tubes from the Marion County concession at KP Hole Park ($30 per person) and Guest Services at the Rainbow Springs State Park ($24 per ticket.)

Both Rainbow River tubing concessions include a shuttle so you tube downstream with the current.

The launch sites for the two operations are on opposite sides of the river and offer trips of different lengths.

At Rainbow Springs Guest Services, tubing season begins in April on weekends. From Memorial Day to Labor Day, tubing rentals are open daily. Then, until the end of October, it’s back to weekends. Tubes aren’t rented from October through March.

You are shuttled two miles upstream and tube about two hours down the river back to your car. The state park’s tube entrance is located on S.W. 180th Avenue Road, Dunnellon.

At KP Hole Park, tubing rentals are daily April 1 to Sept. 30. From this site, you launch your tube and it takes about four hours to float down the river, at which point you are shuttled back to your car. KP Hole Park is at 9435 SW 190th Avenue Road, Dunnellon.

On summer weekends, both Rainbow River tubing operations generally reach capacity, so early arrival is essential.

The county has developed an extensive dock and launch area at KP Hole in order to minimize impact on the river. It includes changing and showering facilities as well as lockers for valuables.

Both Rainbow River tubing concessions also offer canoes, kayaks and SUPs in the summer, when paddlers can use the same shuttle service as tubers.

Rainbow River tubing resources:

Rainbow River tubing rainbow tree snag Rainbow River gushes with pure spring water; it's like tubing or kayaking in an aquarium
Kayaking Rainbow River near Dunnellon and Rainbow Springs State Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Rainbow Springs State Park camping

In a separate location a few miles from Rainbow Springs headspring, the park has a campground with 60 sites for RVers and tent campers. The campground is at 18185 SW 94th St., Dunnellon.

For camping reservations go to or call 1-800-326-3521, Monday-Friday, from 8 a.m. until 8 p.m. up to 11 months in advance. 

All sites have water and electric (20, 30 and 50 amp) and are equipped with sewer hook-ups. Maximum RV length is 103 feet. A dump station is located between the upper and lower campgrounds.

The best thing about the campground is that you have easy access to Rainbow River from the campground to fish, swim or paddle. Canoes and kayaks are available for rent from the campground store.

Things to do in Dunnellon and near Rainbow Springs State Park

Here is a Florida Rambler guide of things to do in Dunnellon.

The Withlacoochee River is another excellent kayaking river, and you can use the same service, Rainbow River Canoe and Kayak, to rent gear or livery service. We paddled the 9-mile “Forest Float.” It is a much wilder, more remote paddle with far fewer people than the Rainbow River. The water is not clear (it’s stained with tannin) but it’s a beautiful paddle.

The town of Dunnellon has a small, charming historic district with a few shops to browse. There are a surprising number of good restaurants too.

Silver Springs State Park is 45 minutes to the east. It’s another gorgeous spring and spectacular river for paddling. Here’s a Florida Rambler guide to Silver Springs.

Crystal River, home of “swim with the manatee” tours is 20 minutes away. It’s the site of the beautiful Three Sisters Spring, which can attract hundreds of manatees on cold winter days. Here’s a Florida Rambler guide to Crystal River.

The map above shows the location of Rainbow Springs State Park. Below is a map of KP Hole Park.

Frequently asked questions

How much water flows out of Rainbow Springs? More than 400 million gallons a day.

How fast does the Rainbow River flow? About 1.7 miles an hour.

How deep is the Rainbow River? Most parts are 8 to 15 feet deep. There are some deeper spots, such as Devil’s Elbow, which is 20 to 25 feet deep.

How long is the Rainbow River? From the headspring to where it meets the Withlacoochee, it is 5.7 miles.

Can boats go on the Rainbow River? Yes, at idle speed. The whole river is a no wake zone.

Can I snorkel while tubing? Yes, but bring a dive flag and don’t lose your tube!

What’s being done to keep the water in the Rainbow River clear and healthy? In 2024, there’s a big project to meticulously vacuum muck off the bottom of the river and plant healthy eelgrass, which you can read about here. A similar project has dramatically improved the health and clarity of the waters of the Crystal River springs area. In the Rainbow River, it is beginning at what is the end of the tubing and kayaking run.

All articles on are original, produced exclusively for our readers and protected by U.S. Copyright law. Any use or re-publication without written permission is against the law. Read more:

This page contains affiliate links from which Florida Rambler may earn a small commission if a purchase is made. This revenue supports our mission to produce quality stories about the authentic Florida destinations at no cost to our readers.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Ken from KC

Wednesday 3rd of November 2021

Enjoyed the article. I have kayaked the Rainbow several times, including a winter up-and-back to the springs when the temp was 47 degrees. My best trips have been up-and-backs from Blue Run of Dunnellon Park, with its nice ramp. Took a little over 6 hours, and I enjoyed every minute. The Dunnellon Ramp is also a good put-in, but the current between that ramp and Blue Run Park is pretty fast. Also have fond memories of the family that had the pet goose that swam with them about halfway to the springs, and also could be seen riding behind its human on a paddleboard. Great memories!

Killer Kayaks

Friday 10th of November 2017

Looks like I found something fun to do when I visit my cousins in December. The one thing I can appreciate about FL is the weather in the "winter". Good stuff here, Bonnie. Will be checking out more info here, thanks.


Tuesday 7th of November 2017

Bonnie thanks so much for always providing such great and thoughtful posts on all the beauty Florida has to offer. I have a small outdoor group in S FL and we just recently went to your suggested location of Little Manatee River SP for camping and paddling. It was a lovely location. Maybe we'll cross paddling paths out in the beautiful wilderness someday. I'll look forward to it :) Melissa

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.