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Last updated on June 24th, 2020 at 01:48 pm

How to make the most of your Everglades National Park visit

An anhinga and great blue heron along the Anhinga Trail at Royal Palm in Everglades National Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
An anhinga and great blue heron along the Anhinga Trail at Royal Palm in Everglades National Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Everglades National Park reveals its magic and beauty when you experience it up close. It doesn’t look like much from a car windshield. 

This Everglades National Park visitor guide is designed for the first-time visitor and suggests ways you can get to know the Everglades and see some of its famous wildllife. It is based on four decades of visits by a South Florida resident who loves this land and these waters. 

Great blue heron along the Anhinga Trail at sunset in Everglades National Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Great blue heron along the Anhinga Trail at sunset in Everglades National Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Which part of the Everglades should you visit?

Your first decision in visiting the Everglades National Park is which entrance to use — there are three and they are many hours apart.

The essential Everglades experience — the opportunity to observe Everglades wildlife up close and and appreciate the vastness of this river of grass — can be found at either Shark Valley or the Homestead national park entrance.

If you have time and want to explore the beautiful Thousand Islands area off the Gulf coast, then take the boat trip at the Everglades City entrance. That’s a wonderful outing, and this area is also a great place to kayak. But this entrance to the park offers a different experience from the other two. (If you have time, do them all.)

The Shark Valley entrance to Everglades National Park is off the Tamiami Trail (US 41) directly west of downtown Miami. Here’s a good look at how to walk, bicycle or take the tram on the 15 mile trail here. (We highly recommend the experience of biking in Shark Valley.)

Shark Valley makes a great Everglades outing, and if you have time to go only here, don’t feel you’ve missed out by not visiting the Homestead entrance.

Bromeliads blooming along the Anhinga Trail in spring in Everglades National Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Bromeliads blooming along the Anhinga Trail in spring in Everglades National Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Homestead entrance, national park visitor center and ranger talks

The Homestead entrance to Everglades National Park is half-way between downtown Miami and the Florida Keys. It’s a route into the interior of the park with many options to stop and explore.

If you choose the Homestead route, pack a picnic lunch (there will be no food service in the park until your reach Flamingo 38 miles away) and plan to spend the day. For an in-depth visit to the Everglades, you’ll need to either camp in the park or stay in a Homestead motel. 

The first stop, even before entering the Everglades park and paying your $35 per car admission (good for seven days), should be the Ernest F. Coe Visitor Center, because it offers well-designed interactive exhibits that help you appreciate what you are about to see. There’s a very good 15-minute film “River of Life” in the theater. Be sure to get maps here and ask any questions you have about planning your visit. We’ve found the Everglades park staff and volunteers here extremely helpful.

This is where you can get the schedule of ranger-guided programs. In winter, these range from 50 minute walks through interesting sites where you’ll have an expert to identify plants, birds and animals to bike rides, free canoe trips and slogs through the slough. This is a good way for first-time visitors to learn about this unique environment.

The Anhinga Trail: Your ‘must do’ in Everglades National Park

Four miles after entering the park you come to the one “must do” of the Everglades visitthe Anhinga Trail at Royal Palm. This is the best and most reliable place to see alligators and Everglades wading birds surprisingly close within the Everglades. (Note: Winter is the time to see a profusion of wildlife.)

Before it became a national park in 1947, this was Royal Palm State Park and it was this remarkable site teeming with wildlife that grabbed the attention of many who supported preservation.

On the Anhinga Trail, only a guard rail separates visitors from alligators. They appear oblivious, but it is still wise to give them space.
On the Anhinga Trail, only a guard rail separates visitors from alligators. They appear oblivious, but it is still wise to give them space. New signage suggests a distance of 15 feet. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

The Anhinga Trail is an easy .8 mile paved and boardwalk trail. I have visited many times in winter and have never failed to see several alligators clearly and close. A range of Everglades birds — great blue herons, snowy egrets, cormorants, anhingas, moorhen, coot, wood storks — are often visible. During winter and spring, anhingas nest in trees right next to the boardwalk.

Some may think this trail is a little too Disney-like, because it  requires so little effort and the animals seem almost tame. You will see families, strollers and wheelchairs, photographers with huge long lenses and you’ll hear more people speaking other languages than English.

To me, the accessibility of this spot is beautiful; it guarantees a large number of people will have the Everglades experience and be convinced it’s worth preserving. And the animals here really are wild!

Tip: I always take visitors on the Anhinga Trail. In fact, my recipe for “one day in the Everglades” includes these ingredients: a fruit milkshake at Robert is Here on the way into or out of the park, a stop at the visitor center, a walk on the Anhinga Trail and then a walk on two or three short trails along the road.

 

Alligators along Anninga Trail at Everglades National Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Alligators along Anhinga Trail at Everglades National Park. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

At Royal Palm, there is another short trail, the Gumbo Limbo trail. While a pleasant walk through a vegetation typical of a dryer part of the Everglades, for first time visitors, I’d recommend skipping this one and driving down the main road a bit.

Stops along the main road in Everglades National Park

Along the main Everglades road, there are a series of stops with short walks that round out your experience. In one day, you can’t do it all, so I would recommend these: 

The Pinelands Trail is another half-mile walk, this time through another environment, a typical Florida pine forest. A longer trail is nearby, starting near the Long Pine Key picnic area (which is very nice place for stop for the picnic you packed.)

    • Barred owl at Everglades National Park. Seen just below the Pa-hay-okee Overlook in Everglades National Park. (Photo: David Blasco)
      Barred owl at Everglades National Park. Seen just below the Pa-hay-okee Overlook in Everglades National Park. (Photo: David Blasco)

The Pa-hay-okee Overlook. The observation tower here gives you a chance to appreciate the grand sweep of the Everglades and dwarf bald cypress trees. It is beautiful at sunset. Look into the tangle of trees just below the overlook. We’ve seen a barred owl in there twice (in two different years.)

The Mahogany Hammock Trail. This half-mile boardwalk takes you through the sort of jungly Tarzan-movie setting that many people come expecting at the Everglades. It’s a good way to see what a difference a few inches of elevation makes. (A hammock is a tree island where slightly higher ground leads to a profusion of trees.) Look and listen: We’ve also seen a barred owl here on several ooccasions.

Tip: If you are looking for a picnic site as you near Flamingo, West Lake is a great choice. Five covered tables overlook the lake and are adjacent to restrooms. There is an interesting short boardwalk here along the lake focused on mangroves.

Crocodile at Flamingo Marina at Everglades National Park. (Photo David Blasco)
Crocodile at Flamingo Marina at Everglades National Park. (Photo David Blasco)

The end of the road: Flamingo 

The road continues to Flamingo, where it ends at Florida Bay.

Should you drive all the way to Flamingo? You can have a great Everglades visit without it and it is far — 38 miles from the park entrance.

Unless you’re camping, there’s only one option for lodging. Flamingo’s former lodge was devastated in Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma in 1995, and there are plans now to build an environmentally friendly village there that will do justice to Everglades National Park. The first new accommodations have opened in Flamingo — 20 eco-tents, which are described below.

Time permitting, there are good reasons to go to Flamingo:  As you drive south, the sawgrass gives ways to  mangroves and the landscape changes. There are several ponds near Flamingo known for their spectacular seasonal displays of birds in winter, including my all-time favorite, the roseate spoonbill.

If you drive on, be sure to check for birds at West Lake, Mrazek Pond and Eco Pond. (At Eco Pond, you can take a very nice short walk around the pond and gain various vantage points. Wildlife photographers abound.)

If you have more than one day in Everglades National Park, we highly recommend visiting Flamingo. Here’s our guide of things to do in the Flamingo area, including kayaking into Florida Bay and hiking trails.

Flamingo is a the best place to see crocodiles in the Everglades. While they are much rarer and shyer than the alligator, on recent visits, several crocs posed, one with its mouth wide open, at the Flamingo marina and boat ramp.

Similarly, manatees frequent the Flamingo marina. (We have seen several in the marina in several visits in the last three years.)

Manatees at Flamingo Marina, Everglades National Park. (Photo Bonnie Gross)
Manatees at Flamingo Marina, Everglades National Park. (Photo Bonnie Gross)

In 2019, redevelopment at Flamingo began under the stewardship of a new concessionaire, Flamingo Adventures. For the first time in years, you can now book boat tours and rent kayaks, skiffs and bikes. You can even rent houseboats — the first non-camping accommodations in Flamingo in 14 years. (We loved our houseboat experience; read about it here.

In 2019, eco-tents— a cross between tents and cabins — became available in Flamingo. Guests share a central bathroom facility, like at a campground, but stay in a cabin-like structure with beds and linens. Here’s our review of the eco-tents in Flamingo.  (Rates for the eco-tents vary by season but peak at about $150 a night in winter.)

For all camping, eco-tents, houseboats and boat rentals, go to Flamingo Adventures.

Tip:  As you head out of the Everglades at day’s end,  if you have time, stop back at the Anhinga Trail. The alligators that look dead in the noon sun become active at dusk, and it’s a thrill to see them silently glide through the water with only their tail gently moving to propel them. Also, the walk is quieter and less crowded.

More in-depth Everglades National Park experiences

Since the Everglades National Park admission is $35 for seven days, a multi-day visit is economical. Here are ideas for things you might do if you have additional time. 

Historic Cold War Nike base. This is a popular tour for history lovers and draws a different group of visitors to the park. Prompted by the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S Army built a base here with nuclear missiles and featuring high security. The decommissioned base is well-preserved and includes a refurbished 1960 Nike Hercules missile. Here’s my report on the fascinating tour, offered during the winter season.

Best Everglades canoe and kayak trails: Bring your canoe or kayak or rent at the marina at Flamingo or from Nine Mile Pond, a five mile loop through a vast shallow sawgrass marsh dotted with mangrove and tree islands.

Tip: There is a free park-ranger-led canoe trip on Nine Mile Pond every day at 8 a.m. in winter. You must reserve in advance, but no more than seven days out. See details on our Nine Mile Pond guide.

Another great kayak outing: If you go as far as Flamingo and it’s not too windy, kayaking along the shore of Florida Bay is a good way to see wildlife and enjoy spectacular scenery. Details are in our Flamingo guide.

Boat tours at Flamingo: The marina at Flamingo offers two boat tours — one into the back country and one into Florida Bay ($40 adults; $20 kids).Both include naturalist guides who point out and identify wildlife. Details.

Osprey chicks in nest at Flamingo Marina, Everglades National Park. (Photo: David Blasco)
Osprey chicks in nest at Flamingo Marina, Everglades National Park. (Photo: David Blasco)

Free admission to Everglades National Park via the Homestead National Park Trolley

FREE admission to the park is available on winter weekends if you take the Homestead national parks trolley system.

If you arrive by trolley, you will have limited options within the park, but it does bring you to what I consider the real highlights. If you arrive by trolley, you should stop at the visitor center and look at the exhibits and watch the video. Then, take the next trolley to Royal Palm, where you can walk two trails: the famous wildlife-filled Anhinga Trail and the jungly Gumbo Limbo Trail. Bring lunch or a snack; you won’t find any food service here. Here are details of the trolley system.

Planning your visit to the Everglades

  • Admission has been increased at Everglades National Park to $35 per car with a pass good for seven days.As soon as you turn 62, get a senior pass. For $80, it offers lifetime admission to all national parks. Also: Take advantage of these free days in national parks. In 2020, they are Jan. 20, April 18, Aug. 25, Sept. 26 and Nov. 11.
  • Do not rely on cell phones for critical communication while visiting the park. This is a large wilderness area and most cell phones won’t have service, even along the main roads. AT&T has a tower at Flamingo and park workers say service is good.
  • The Everglades National Park website
  • Camping in the Everglades
  • Everglades National Park map
  • The Anhinga Trail
  • Shark Valley entrance, with its 15 mile trail  and trams ride
  • Robert is Here, the funky fruit stand near the Homestead entrance. I consider it an integral part of the “visit the Everglades experience.”
  • If you are spending time in the Everglades, the rural area around the Homestead entrance to Everglades National Park is full of interesting places to visit and tasty experiences, including Fruit and Spice Park, Schnebly Redland’s Winery plus strawberry farms and a historic railroad village. This is a guide to visiting the Redland region This includes the extremely popular Knauss Berry Farm, for strawberry milks shakes and Florida’s best cinnamon rolls,  open only fall to spring.

When to visit Everglades National Park

There are few places in Florida as inhospitable in summer as Everglades National Park. It is unbearably hot and mosquitos and no see ums are miserable. I don’t recommend it. 

All the programming in Everglades National Park is built around the winter season, roughly Thanksgiving through Eastern. You can have good experiences, however, in the fall — mid- to late-October if you check the weather for good days — and in the spring through the end of April. 

The bird life, a key component of what makes Everglades National Park so special, is also best during peak winter season. 

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Updated December 2019

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