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Kayaking Silver Springs: Exquisite trail for kayaks is highlight of Silver River

There are no rivers to kayak in Florida with more history, beauty and unusual wildlife than Silver Springs and the Silver River.

It was Florida’s first tourist attraction and one of the largest artesian springs in the world. Silver Spring is full of wildlife, mostly native, but also including accidently introduced rhesus monkeys.

Rhesus monkey at Silver Springs State Park in Ocala. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Silver Springs kayaking: Rhesus monkey are often spotted. Be careful and keep your distance, however, as the monkeys can be aggressive, (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

For many reasons, I consider Silver Springs kayaking among the best in Florida. 

For many years, Silver Springs was a commercial attraction located alongside Silver River State Park, which offered outstanding camping, cabins and hiking trails. But in 2013, the state bought the attraction and put all those good things together to form the fabulous Silver Springs State Park.

The new park offers some of the best of the old: The famous glass-bottom boat tours, which starting in 1878, were the first in world, and look exactly like those pictured on vintage post cards.

But the real breakthrough is for folks who see Silver Springs by kayak and canoe.

Silver Springs headwaters area
Headwaters for Silver Springs kayaking with fall colors. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

For the first time since the 1800s, kayaks and canoes were able to launch near the spring headwater and paddle down a remarkably scenic narrow, twisting canal called the Fort King Waterway, once restricted for use only by the attraction’s jungle cruises.

Silver Spring State Park cypress roots
Silver Springs kayaking: scenery includes picturesque cypress roots gnarly branches.. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

You can bring your own kayak and canoe or rent one. Launching from the spring makes possible a short and scenic kayak trail that wows visitors.

“We had a couple from California here,” said Ryan Toler, owner of Discovery Kayak Tours, which runs kayak tours on the Silver River and at 12 Central Florida sites. “They came back and said: ‘Oh my gosh, we didn’t realize places like this still exist. We saw more wildlife in an hour and a half than we have in the last three days.’ They could not believe how beautiful it is.”

A highlight of the Fort King Waterway at Silver Spring is the re-creation of Fort King, a stockade style wooden fort built from the Seminole wars in the 1800s. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
A highlight of Silver Spring kayaking is the Fort King Waterway. Left over from the era of the commercial attraction, this is a re-creation of Fort King, a stockade style wooden fort built during the Seminole wars in the 1800s. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Nor could I. On a March visit, we launched near the spring and proceeded down the Fort King Waterway, which was filled with wildlife – alligators, turtles, anhingas, heron plus colorful wood ducks and a bright red pileated woodpecker. The only sounds were birdsongs and the splash of turtles diving to flee as we approached.

Silver Springs kayaking past monkeys and manatees

Within the first half hour, we came upon the most unusual Silver Springs experience — spotting the wild rhesus monkeys.

Monkeys have been part of the colorful history of Silver Springs since 1930, when a fellow called Colonel Toohey operated the “jungle” tour and placed rhesus macaques monkeys, indigenous to Central and East Asia, on an island.

He didn’t know that monkeys are good swimmers. The escaped monkeys have thrived ever since, with a population now estimated at 200, according to a recent Orlando Sentinel article.

Because they’re an exotic species, state officials aren’t wild about them, and in recent years, the monkeys have exhibited aggressive behavior toward people. Visitors should not get too close to the monkeys and kayakers should not paddle underneath branches where there are monkeys.

Manatees on Silver Springs kayaking trip. (Photo: David Blasco)
Manatees on Silver Springs kayaking trip on a chilly winter day. (Photo: David Blasco)

The most prized native species are also often spotted by visitors. In winter, visitors can get lucky and see manatees not far from the spring headspring. (In January 2024, Friends of Silver Springs State Park reported that a new record of 34 manatees were spotted in the five mile length of the river from the springhead downstream.)

Otters are also occasionally seen. 

Also along with the Fort King Trail are the remnants of buildings that were part of the tourist attraction. Some are in great disrepair, which actually makes them more picturesque.

My favorite was the re-creation of Fort King, a stockade style wooden fort built during the Seminole wars in the 1800s. The remnants of that fake fort lends the Fort King Trail a real Old Florida feel.

As you paddle along the Silver River, however, what is most striking is the beauty of the clear water and the frequent turquoise pools formed by dozens of springs in the river.

The water in the Silver River is wonderfully clear, but if you examine the eel grass near the springhead you see it is covered by algae – a sign that this is not a truly healthy spring. Like so many Florida springs, it is plagued by excess nutrients leached into the water from fertilizer and septic systems and its flow has been dramatically reduced as man has tapped into the aquifer.

Glass bottom boats at Silver Springs State Park are identical to the originals (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Glass bottom boats at Silver Springs State Park today. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

How to kayak Silver Springs State Park

Renting canoe or kayak: You can rent a canoe or two-person kayak at the busy concession stand and kayak launch next to the parking lot at the main park entrance. (Formerly the entrance to the attraction.) The outfitter also rents clear kayaks for viewing through the beautiful clear water. Canoe, kayak and paddleboard rentals start at $25 an hour. The 5-mile trip downstream by kayak with a shuttle back is $45. Details here.

Silver Springs 1947 postcard
Glass bottom boats at Silver Springs from a 1947 postcard

With your own canoe or kayak: Launching your own kayak is $4. If you launch from here, you can paddle over the springhead, down the Silver River and back up the Fort King Waterway against the current. This is about a 90-minute to two-hour paddle trip. (Note: With a 3.5 mile per hour current, you have to put some muscle into paddling upstream.) You also can arrange with the outfitter for livery service back to the park and paddle the whole five miles to Ray Wayside Park. (There is a separate $5 admission at this county park.)

Here’s another good alternative, that does not require the shuttle service: Paddle downstream on the Fort King Waterway and then continued on for a total of about 3 miles. Stop at the only other dock in the park, where you can get out, use a portable restroom, have a picnic and stretch your legs on a trail. Then paddle back upstream against the current. This takes a half day, but if you spend time photographing wildlife and taking a hike during lunch break, you can spend six or so hours. 

Wood ducks were plentiful along the Silver River. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Silver Springs kayaking: Wood ducks are plentiful along the Silver River. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Launching downstream: An alternative is to put kayaks in at Ray Wayside Park  boat ramp outside the park, five miles down the Silver River. If your destination is the springhead, this requires a 10-mile round-trip paddle, with a 5 mile paddle against the current. (This is a challenge.)

If you launch at Ray Park, there are other options for routes. On one visit, we launched from Ray Park and paddled upstream on the Silver River for two miles, then downstream into the Ocklawaha, into which the Silver River flows.

Ray Wayside Park is on the south side of State Road 40, just west of the Dells Bluff Bridge over the Ocklawaha River. Admission is $5 and there are picnic tables and restrooms here.

When to paddle the Silver River: This beautiful river is popular, so on weekend afternoons in winter, you will not be alone. There will be motorboats (though it is a no wake zone) and groups of kayakers. Early mornings and weekdays are less busy. (We paddled on both a Saturday and Sunday during beautiful weather in March and while we saw plenty of people, we also had a great experience, filled with wildlife and moments of solitude.)

Glass bottom boat tours: Glass bottom boat trips operate from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. The 30-45 minute tours are $12 for adults. I have kayaked on Silver Springs many times, but the best look into the water and its fish and other features was on the glass bottom boat. 

Planning your trip to Silver Springs State Park

Kayaking is just the start of exploring Silver Springs State Park. The park has a great campground and some of the best cabins in the Florida park system.  There are also 15 miles of lovely forest trails that can be walked or ridden on mountain bikes. You can even take a horseback trail ride from a concessionaire.

Clear turquoise water along Silver River. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Silver Springs kayaking: The water is a shimmering turquoise when the bottom of the river is white sand . (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

For more on all the park’s wonders, see Florida Rambler’s detailed guide to Silver Spring State Park.

Things to do near Silver Springs State Park

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Shari Allison

Monday 4th of December 2023

Does anyone know if there is kayak trailer parking near the launch area? We have a small one that does fold up, if necessary, but would rather not do that if we don't have to. We can make the tongue go in fairly easily, to make it less than 8 feet. Tried calling and couldn't reach anyone.


Sunday 11th of February 2024

@Shari Allison, there's always plenty of parking lot available for trailers at both the headspring at Silver River State Park, launch area and also at the take out at Ray's wayside launch. I recommend using those paved parking lots rather than the parking area at the state park trail, because then you have to schlep those kayaks quite a ways down to the kayak launch. I also recommend week days rather than weekends if possible, or at least start out in the morning when it's quieter and the wildlife is more active and visible.

Bonnie Gross

Monday 4th of December 2023

I'm not sure exactly what you're asking but here's some info that might be helpful. There is a large parking lot adjacent to the kayak launch area. I suspect you can find kayak trailer parking here, but I'm not certain. (Try looking at the Google satellite view and see that helps.) Perhaps another reader has some insight into this question. Also: Did you try calling the park on the concessionaire? I've often found that state parks are helpful about answering questions via phone. The number is 352-261-5840.


Sunday 5th of March 2023

The head spring at Silver springs pumps 550 million gallons of water a day. 200 years ago the head spring at Silver springs pumped 550 million gallons of water a day. There is the same amount of water on the planet as there was a million years ago. Hope that clears a few things up for you.

Ed Soniat

Monday 22nd of November 2021

There is a launch ramp on the River Trail in the campground area of the park. (29.20402255464904, -82.02824595976331) . It is about 1/2 mile walk from the museum parking lot. The "trail" is really a road driven regularly by rangers.

Sure would be nice to know what launching from there is like.

Bonnie Gross

Monday 22nd of November 2021

I have launched from there. Before the state park expanded to include what was formerly the commercial attraction, this WAS the kayak and canoe launch for Silver Springs State Park. It's a bit of work paddling upstream to the headspring, but it's quite do-able. The problem is getting your kayak down that half-mile path. You'd need a wheeled carrier. I don't think non-park-officials can drive vehicles down there.

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