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12 things to do in St. Augustine for nature & history lovers

St. Augustine has been attracting travelers for 450 years, starting with the arrival on Sept. 8, 1565, of the Spaniard Pedro Menendez de Aviles.

About 135 years ago, railroad magnate Henry Flagler recognized the Oldest City had potential as a travel destination.

Ever since, the great variety of things to do in St. Augustine have been drawing visitors to the Oldest City.

Things to do in St. Augustine: The spectacular beach, dunes and pier are just across the bridge from the Oldest City. (Courtesy FloridaHistoricCoast.com)
Things to do in St. Augustine: The spectacular beach, dunes and pier are just across the bridge from the Oldest City. (Courtesy FloridaHistoricCoast.com)

St. Augustine’s appeal starts with two key assets:

  • The historic district with its shady brick lanes and well-preserved buildings that are older than any others not only in Florida, but also in the nation.
  • The natural beauty of a region with wide hard-packed beaches, extensive wildlife and lots of nearby parks that are perfect for hiking, kayaking and camping.

For anyone who likes nature and history, St. Augustine is heaven.

Things to do in St. Augustine: Explore the picturesque lanes of the historic district. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Things to do in St. Augustine: Explore the picturesque lanes of the historic district. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Top things to do in St. Augustine:

1. Take the Old Town Trolley Tour for an orientation.

2. Visit the free and serene gardens of the Mission Nombe de Dios.

3. Stroll the quaint brick streets of the historic district.

4. Take a student-led tour of the gorgeous campus of Flagler College, which was Flagler original hotel.

5. Visit the eclectic and fascinating Lightner Museum.

6. Step back in time at the Castillo de San Marcos, the Spanish fort that is now a national park.

7. See history come alive at the Colonial Spanish Quarter Museum.

8. Climb the Augustine Lighthouse for a spectacular view.

9. Visit moving sites where key events in the Civil Rights movement happened.

10. Walk the beach at nearby Anastasia State Park and visit an archaeological site where coquina was quarried to build the St. Augustine Fort.

11. Take a scenic drive down A1A 14 miles south to another historic Spanish fort, Fort Matanzas. where you take a a small boat to the fort past spectacular scenery. And it’s free.

12. See St. Augustine from the water, either by kayak, pirate-ship cruise or aboard a classic tour boat.

Details for all these activities follow.

Things to do in St. Augustine: About a mile north of the bustle of the historic district are the free and serene gardens of the Mission Nombre de Dios. This is where it is believed Menendez stepped ashore in 1565. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)
Things to do in St. Augustine: About a mile north of the bustle of the historic district are the free and serene gardens of the Mission Nombre de Dios. This is where it is believed Menendez stepped ashore in 1565. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Things to do in St. Augustine to explore St. Augustine’s history

Many associate St. Augustine with Ponce de Leon and, indeed, it was this first Spanish explorer who claimed Florida for Spain in 1513, landing near present St. Augustine. He didn’t stay, however.

It was 52 years later that Pedro Menendez de Aviles arrived with 800 Spaniards, including soldiers, sailors, tradesmen, women and children. They settled near a large Native American village and established St. Augustine, which has been occupied ever since.

A good place to start an exploration and learn about all the things to do in St. Augustine is the Visitors Information Center at 10 S. Castillo Drive, where you can get maps and brochures. Another good way to get an overview of the city is the Old Town Trolley Tours. Tickets for the narrated tour with 23 hop-on-hop-off stops are good for three consecutive days, so you can use the trolley as a primary mode of transportation as well as for information. Ripley’s Believe It Or Not operates the similar Red Trolley tours.

One can’t miss attraction in St. Augustine is the Castillo de San Marcos, the Spanish fort operated by the National Park Service. It’s a winner in so many categories, from its monumental size to the spectacular views of wide Matanzas Bay. It also offers dramatic and entertaining demonstrations of firing cannons on weekends.

Castillo de San Marcos is the oldest masonry fort in the United States, built from 1672 to 1695, a century after St. Augustine was founded. It’s located next to the Old Town area and has adjacent parking.

Tips for your visit: Volunteers and rangers in accurate period guard demonstrate how to fire a cannon throughout the day on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays. There are historic re-enactors on site every day.

Here’s a Florida Rambler story on visiting the Castillo de San Marcos.

Things to do in St. Augustine: Horse-drawn carriages are popular in St. Augustine(Courtesy FloridaHistoricCoast.com)
Things to do in St. Augustine: Horse-drawn carriages are popular in St. Augustine. (Courtesy FloridaHistoricCoast.com)

Another important era in St. Augustine history begins when Henry Flagler brought his Florida East Coast railroad here and built his first grand Florida resort for rich Northerners in 1888. Flagler spurred the building of new churches, paved streets and electric lights as St. Augustine became a vacationland for the elite.

His Ponce de Leon Hotel is now a women’s dorm for Flagler College, and the beautiful Spanish Renaissance building has been refurbished. You are free to walk into its stunning courtyard and view the entryway and dazzling rotunda. (For a peek at the 70 Tiffany windows in the dining room, you need to take the very interesting hour-long student guided tour .)

FThings to do in St. Augustine: Tour Flagler College, which was originally Henry Flagler's Ponce de Leon Hotel
Things to do in St. Augustine: Tour Flagler College, which was originally Henry Flagler’s Ponce de Leon Hotel. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Across King Street is a second former Flagler Hotel, the Alcazar, now the Lightner Museum. Even if you don’t pay to enter this amusing and eclectic museum, be sure to walk into the tropical gardens in the building’s courtyard, where palm trees tower over koi ponds crossed by a stone footbridge.  You also can walk into what was once the largest indoor swimming pool in the world. This huge yet graceful space at the rear of the Lightner Museum is now home to a restaurant open for lunch, called the Alcazar.

Free things to do in St. Augustine

One dilemma you face in planning a St. Augustine visit is that it’s easy to pay admission to a series of appealing attractions, museums and historic sites, and the cost adds up.

But there are several free activities that may end up being the highlight of your visit.

For example, be sure to make time just to stroll the historic district, where narrow brick streets are lined with buildings, some of which are centuries old. Some are museums, others are cafes, galleries and shops. The historic district extends in both directions off the main drag, King Street, and the oldest street in America is here, Aviles Street, one block from the waterfront.

You can get a free walking tour guide at the visitor’s center. About a mile north of the bustle of the historic district are the free and serene gardens of the Mission Nombre de Dios. This is where it is believed Menendez stepped ashore in 1565. Here the ship’s chaplain celebrated Mass and founded America’s first mission.

The site is marked with a 204-foot cross that towers over the waterfront. Shaded by large trees and benefiting from a breeze off the waterfront, the grounds are pleasant to stroll, with a historic cemetery, statues and shrines.

One of my favorite free stops in the whole state of Florida is Fort Matanzas, 14 miles south. It is a smaller Spanish fort built 50 years after the Castillo de San Marcos. It’s great to visit because you take a small boat to the fort past spectacular scenery.

Things to do in St. Augustine: Climb the St. Augustine Lighthouse, the second highest in the state, which offers spectacular views. There’s a history museum in the lighthouse keeper’s quarters.
Things to do in St. Augustine: Climb the St. Augustine Lighthouse, the second highest in the state, which offers spectacular views. There’s a history museum in the lighthouse keeper’s quarters. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

More appealing attractions in St. Augustine

Your next priority will depend on your interests and the makeup of your group.

Want to soak up history while being entertained? Consider Colonial Spanish Quarter Museum: and/or the St. Augustine Pirate & Treasure Museum.  These adjacent attractions near the fort are both owned by entrepreneur Pat Croce, whose personal pirate collection forms the impressive basis for the museum. The Pirate Museum has rare artifacts such as one of two existing skull-and-crossbones pirate flags, but it also has a treasure hunt game that takes kids through the interactive galleries, which inject a touch of Disney.

Colonial Quarter employs guides who are talented actors to make their history lessons lively and amusing.

Here’s a Florida Rambler story on the St. Augustine Pirate & Treasure Museum.

Things to do in St. Augustine: Colonial Quarter in St. Augustine employs guides who are talented actors to make their history lessons lively and amusing.
Things to do in St. Augustine: Colonial Quarter in St. Augustine employs guides who are talented actors to make their history lessons lively and amusing. (Photo: Bonnie Gross)

Plenty of things to do in St. Augustine for a longer visit

If you have time, consider squeezing in:

The Augustine Lighthouse, the second highest in the state, which you can climb for spectacular views. There’s a history museum in the lighthouse keeper’s quarters. It is also a popular destination for ghost hunters. The lighthouse offers a Ghost Tails tours and a nighttime Dark of the Moon Tour, where the only light source are glowsticks and visitors go up into the tower. Daytime admission to the lighthouse is $15 (seniors and children under 12 are $13.)

The Augustine Alligator Farm, founded in 1893, is one of Florida’s original tourist attractions. Today, it’s an impressive zoo with a mind-boggling array of gators, crocs and exotic birds. Photographers and nature lovers visit for the natural bird rookery, which attracts thousands of native birds to nest March to July. The Alligator Farm also has a zipline ride over the crocodile pens. Here’s a Florida Rambler story on the bird rookery at the Alligator Farm.

Sites important to the Civil Rights Movement, in which St. Augustine played a key role. These include a monument called Andrew Young Crossing, where the Civil Rights leaders was beaten by a white mob, and a Woolworth’s lunch counter where a sit-in resulted in four college students being jailed for six months. The lunch counter is displayed in the original building, now a Wells Fargo bank. Read more in this Florida Rambler story.

For a change from historical attractions, see the area from the water. At the city’s marina, there is a wide range of boat trips from eco-tours to pirate cruises to a traditional scenic tour that has been operated by the same family for four generations.

The classic St. Augustine boat tour is from Scenic Cruise St. Augustine. More than a hundred years ago, Henry Flagler was bringing Florida’s first tourists to St. Augustine on his train. To amuse his guests, Flagler arranged for some locals, Captain Frank Usina and his wife, to offer oyster roasts. Pretty soon, Usina was transporting visitors by boat around St. Augustine’s waters. A century later, his descendants are still doing that. The hour-and-15-minute scenic cruise is operated by the fourth generation of the Usina family. It sails under St. Augustine’s much photographed Bridge of Lions and in front of the Castillo De San Marcos. Sightings of dolphins are common. 

Exploring the natural beauty of St. Augustine region

Coquina rocks at Washington Oaks Gardens State Park, Palm Coast
Things to do in St. Augustine: Visit the coquina rock beaches nearby at Washington Oaks State Park. (Photo by Bonnie Gross)
Things to do in St. Augustine: Aerial view of central district of St. Augustine. (Courtesy FloridaHistoricCoast.com)
Aerial view of central district of St. Augustine. (Courtesy FloridaHistoricCoast.com)

Resources for visitors to St. Augustine

Notes from the editor:

The information in this article was accurate when published but may change without notice. Confirm details when planning visits.

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