Last updated on December 13th, 2021 at 12:18 pm
Everyone ends up in Florida sooner or later it seems, and monarch butterflies are no different.
On their 2,000-mile fall migration from North America to Central Mexico, thousands of monarch butterflies stop over in Florida’s Big Bend and Panhandle in October and November. This miraculous migration is celebrated in an annual Monarch Butterfly Festival at the St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge in picturesque St. Marks, Florida, a half hour south of Tallahassee.
The 2021 festival has been canceled due to the pandemic. Florida Rambler is retaining information from previous festivals on this page in the hope the festival returns in 2022.
The festival offers educational demonstrations, wildlife exhibitions and entertainment.
Admission to the Monarch Butterfly Festival is free but it’s $5 to enter the refuge. Here’s information about the refuge.
The town of St. Marks, by the way, usually holds its annual Stone Crab Festival on the same day, making this a two-for-one destination. There is no stone crab festival scheduled as of late September 2021.
Monarch butterflies have experienced a dramatic decline in population in the last two decades. While monarch butterflies are found across the United States, according to the U.S. Fish Wildlife Service, their numbers have declined by 90 percent because of loss of habitat due to agricultural practices, development and cropland conversion.
The monarch butterfly migration is unique – each butterfly is on its own, not following a parent, exhibiting an inherited behavior, not a learned one. Migrating monarchs hatch during the summer and they make the round-trip only once.
Floridawildlifeviewing.org says you can see hundreds or even thousands of monarch butterflies at St. Marks refuge and the best place is around the picturesque historic St. Marks lighthouse. The site reports: “Monarchs are reluctant to fly directly across the water, so they bunch up at the lighthouse, located on a small tip, beside the Gulf of Mexico. They tend to stay for a time because the food supply is good at this time of year.”
The refuge also leads another interesting activity for wildlife lovers: Weekly monarch butterfly counting and tagging project.
Even without monarch butterflies, we found the St. Marks Refuge to be a beautiful place to explore. You won’t find a more scenic lighthouse than St. Marks, and there are many hikes in the area. (Start at the beautiful refuge headquarters, with a walk around their pond and into adjacent woods.)
Here’s a Florida Rambler report on St. Marks and the Wakulla Springs area. This region offers a great variety of recreational opportunities – a lovely paved bike path through the forest, one of the biggest and most beautiful springs in Florida, a picturesque river to kayak, charming small towns. You could spend days here.
More about the monarch butterfly migration in Florida:
St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge There is a $5 per car entry fee to the refuge. St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge is at 1255 Lighthouse Road, St. Marks .
Monarchs also migrate along the Atlantic Coast and the dunes along Amelia Island State Park in northeast Florida are also a stopover site. Here’s more information.
Monarch Watch for information on monarch waystations, free milkweed and more.
A note from the editor:
The information in this article was accurate when published but can change without notice. Please confirm details when planning your trip by following the links in this article.
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The author, Bonnie Gross, travels with her husband David Blasco, discovering off-the-beaten path places to hike, kayak, bike, swim and explore. Florida Rambler was founded in 2010 by Bonnie and fellow journalist Bob Rountree, two long-time Florida residents who have spent decades exploring the Florida outdoors. Their articles have been published in the Sun Sentinel, the Miami Herald, the Orlando Sentinel, The Guardian and Visit Florida.