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Once the ‘colored beach,’ outstanding state park honors civil rights leaders

Mizell-Johnson State Park (formally, it is Dr. Von D. Mizell-Eula Johnson Beach State Park) started out as Fort Lauderdale’s “colored beach,” and it wasn’t exactly a tourist attraction.

The beach was accessible only by boat, leaving black beachgoers at the mercy of an inconvenient ferry service. There were no restrooms, and what the beach lacked in amenities, it more than made up for in mosquitoes.

Still, for the powers-that-be, the “colored beach” was far enough from the city’s “whites-only” strand of public beach near Las Olas Boulevard. For black residents seeking a day at the beach, the desolate island between Whiskey Creek and the Atlantic Ocean would have to do.

oday, the beach at Johnson-Mizell State Park is one of Broward's best beaches, with a natural beach that is 2.5 miles long, lined with seagrass instead of high rises. It was formerly known as John U. Lloyd State Park.
Today, the beach at Johnson-Mizell State Park is one of Broward’s best beaches, with a natural beach that is 2.5 miles long, lined with seagrass instead of high rises. It was formerly known as John U. Lloyd State Park.

Much has changed since 1954. The Jim Crow laws are history, and public beaches are open to everyone. The site of the old “colored beach” is now a state park, with a unique distinction: It’s the only state park in Florida named for African Americans. After years known as John U. Lloyd Beach State Park, in 2016 it was renamed Dr. Von D. Mizell-Eula Johnson Beach State Park.

The renaming brings statewide recognition to leaders of Fort Lauderdale’s black community who fought to dismantle the laws and mores that kept blacks and white legally separated in public places.

1961 civil rights protest on Fort Lauderdale's main beach
1961 civil rights protest on Fort Lauderdale’s main beach.

The park’s boat ramp was renamed the Alphonso Giles Boat Ramp in honor of the man who ferried black residents to the beach back in the days of segregation.

Three park pavilions were renamed to honor civil rights leaders: attorney W. George Allen, the late Dr. Calvin Shirley and George and Agnes Burrows, whose electrician’s business has spanned five decades.  

fort lauderdale beach wade--ins commemorative marker
Commemorative marker for beach wade-ins at Fort Lauderdale beach

Visiting Von D. Mizell-Eula Johnson Beach State Park

Located just south of Port Everglades Inlet, Mizell-Johnson State Park is 310 acres of recreational possibilities.

Directly east of Port Everglades and the Fort Lauderdale Airport, this stretch of beach was never developed and it is the last example of an undeveloped coastal ecosystem in Broward County. Instead of being lined with high rises, this beach is lined with sea grass, sea grapes and other native vegetation.

The Atlantic still beckons swimmers. As a public beach, the park’s shoreline is 2.5 miles long and a tranquil alternative to its more congested counterpart to the north. The sounds of the wind and waves, however, is periodically interrupted by the noise of jets flying overhead from Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport. You’ll also hear the occasional blast of a horn from a cruise ship departing Port Everglades.

The public bathrooms, boat ramps changing facilities, nature pavilions, picnic areas and in-park cafe are all very good — amenities that patrons of the “colored beach” could hardly imagine for themselves.

For boaters, there is easy access to the inlet, the Intracoastal Waterway and the ocean.

The tidal Whiskey Creek — so shallow you can walk most of the 1.5 mile length — is a favorite spot for kayaking and stand-up paddlebloards. It’s lush with mangroves and a great spot to see birds and fish.

Whiskey Creek at Mizell-Johnson State Park is a shallow mangrove-lined waterway that is one of the more scenic natural places to kayak or paddle a SUP in urban Broward County. Rentals are available at Whiskey Creek Hideout, the concession a the park that used to be known as John U. Lloyd State Park. (Photo: David Blasco)
Whiskey Creek at Mizell-Johnson State Park is a shallow mangrove-lined waterway that is one of the more scenic natural places to kayak or paddle a SUP in urban Broward County. Rentals are available at Whiskey Creek Hideout, the concession a the park that used to be known as John U. Lloyd State Park. (Photo: David Blasco)

You can rent kayaks and SUPs at the waterfront cafe, Whiskey Creek Hideout, where you also can book eco-tours, full-moon kayak outings and sunset tours.

The cafe offers alcoholic beverages and casual food, including daily specials (Taco Tuesdays; Frozen Drink Fridays, Sangria Saturdays, etc.) 

The open-air cafe has tables overlooking Whiskey Creek and the Atlantic Ocean and it would be hard to find a more scenic spot to hang out with a beverage.

If you want to spend a day at the beach, where you can paddle a kayak or a stand-up paddleboard, swim and walk a sandy shoreline away from people, have a picnic or enjoy lunch and a beer at a waterfront cafe, Mizell-Johnson State Park is the place to go in the Fort Lauderdale area.

The history honored at Mizell-Johnson State Park

Eula Johnson
NAACP leader Eula Johnson speaking at a rally.

The park’s renaming is the latest change and honors a pair that have been called “Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks” of South Florida. Von D. Mizell was a prominent black physician and founder of the Broward NAACP, which petitioned for the “colored beach” in 1946. It took seven years before authorities directed then-county attorney John U. Lloyd to find a location.

dr. von mizell
Dr. Von Mizell

In 1951, blacks in the area had their beach, but they had to depend on ferries to get there. Black leaders asked for a road to gain access to the beach. County officials agreed but it took another 10 years before they began construction, and it took a civil rights demonstration to get that.

By then, Eula Johnson, a businesswoman who operated gas stations in Fort Lauderdale’s black community, had become president of the local NAACP chapter. She had worked with Mizell in integrating the beaches and the public schools in the area. Tired of the county’s stalling, she led a protest on July 4, 1961, in which black beachgoers waded into the waters of the city’s segregated public beach near Las Olas Boulevard.  

Civil rights activists in Fort Lauderdale challenged de facto segregation with a series of “wade-in” demonstrations in the summer of 1961.
Civil rights activists in Fort Lauderdale challenged de facto segregation with a series of “wade-in” demonstrations in the summer of 1961. What is now Mizell Johnson State Park in Dania Beach was the “colored beach.”

The “wade-ins” prompted the county to build a bridge to connect the “colored beach” to the mainland and sparked several lawsuits to stop Mizell and Johnson from bringing black patrons to the “whites-only” beaches. Those efforts failed and the beaches were soon desegregated.

Map of Mizell-Johnson State Park, formerly known as John U. Lloyd State Park, in Dania Beach.
Map of Mizell-Johnson State Park, formerly known as John U. Lloyd State Park, in Dania Beach.

Mizell-Johnson State Park

6503 North Ocean Dr.
Dania Beach FL 33004
954-923-2833

Parking: There are several large parking lots, but the park can fill up on holiday weekends.

Fees: Admission is $6 per car. (Single occupant $4.) Boat launch fee is $9 but does not apply to kayaks and canoes.

Alcohol: Not permitted, except when purchased at cafe

Pets: Pets are permitted on a handheld leash in the park but not at the beach. (It’s not clear if this includes Whiskey Creek, where we’ve seen dogs cavorting in the water along the sandy shore. This must not quality as a beach.)

Location and directions:  Mizell-Johnson Beach State Park is on A1A  in Dania Beach, just north of where Dania Beach Boulevard ends at A1A.

Official site: Von D. Mizell/Eula Johnson Beach State Park

More things to do in Broward County

Notes from the editor:

The information in this article was accurate when published but may change without notice. Confirm details when planning a trip, especially to areas hard hit by hurricanes.

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