Jonathan Dickinson State Park is big, wild and full of adventure. It’s time you planned a visit to enjoy these seven things:
- Hikes from a half-mile to 10 miles long.
- Scenic paved bike trails and popular mountain bike trails.
- Campgrounds for tents and RVs.
- Cute little cabins.
- Excellent kayak and canoe river.
- Horseback trail rides in winter.
- Fascinating history from the 1600s to WWII.
If you love the outdoors, I promise you will find something to love at Jonathan Dickinson State Park.
Jonathan Dickinson State Park on U.S. 1 in Hobe Sound will delight kayakers, bicyclists, mountain bikers, hikers, campers, history-lovers, wildlife watchers and folks who just like a nice picnic site. I even took my 86-year-old mother on the narrated boat tour along the Loxahatchee River – she loved it!
There are a dozen beautifully situated cabins near the Loxahatchee River that allow non-campers to stay overnight in the park for $80 a night in summer and $95 a night in winter.
This is the rare Florida park where you could spend several days and not explore all the trails and recreational opportunities. And it’s located within an hour or two of nature-starved urban South Florida.
I’ve personally seen eagles, osprey, deer, gopher tortoises, manatees, dolphins, an array of birds and alligators plus admired fields of colorful wildflowers.
Kayaking and canoeing at Jonathan Dickinson State Park
Jonathan Dickinson is best known for its river, the Loxahatchee, which was Florida’s first federally designated Wild and Scenic River. It’s a beauty, particularly the narrow, twisty section you access from Riverbend Park. I think it’s the best canoe or kayak river in South Florida. Here’s a Florida Rambler guide to paddling the Loxamatchee.
From Jonathan Dickinson, you can put in your kayaks or canoes or rent them. Here, the river is broad and tidal. Paddlers often see wading birds and occasionally manatees, ospreys and bald eagles. Upstream a short distance there is a tributary of the Loxahatchee, Kitching Creek, that is winding and narrow with overhanging trees and Spanish moss. Kayakers see alligators here and many consider it the highlight of paddling the river from Dickinson.
If you continue upstream, you reach another highlight — the fascinating home of Trapper Nelson, one of those fabulous characters who have helped make Florida funky from its early days. Nelson started out living off the land as a trapper and fur trader in the 1930s, but soon became well-known enough to turn himself and his home into one of the area’s first tourist attractions, “Trapper’s Zoo and Jungle Gardens.” He died somewhat mysteriously in 1968 and his rustic buildings are evocative and beautifully situated on a wild part of the river.
While Trapper’s area is within Jonathan Dickinson State Park, it is accessible only by boat – either kayak/canoe or via a guided tour on the Loxahatchee Queen II. See details below for the boat tour. Its hours vary by season, so check with the park rangers.
Bicycling at Jonathan Dickinson State Park
Jonathan Dickinson is big enough that we enjoyed just bicycling on its lightly trafficked roadways in addition to its off-road trails.
We loved the paved bicycle trail that runs along the roadbed of Old Dixie Highway, for about two miles. Dixie Highway is the original route folks took to visit Florida in the 1920s and 1930s and it ran right through what is now the park. As we pedaled the lovely tree-shaded trail, we tried to spot evidence of the old road. Our favorite find: A fading yellow stripe visible at some points, once the divider for two-lane Dixie Highway.
Mountain bikers treasure Jonathan Dickenson for its well-maintained Camp Murphy Off-Road Bicycle Trail System, which is a nine-mile network of mountain bike trails. It contains loops for beginners all the way up to “black diamond, experts only” trails. Even on weekdays, if the weather is nice, you can count on plenty of mountain bikers to be parked at the trailhead near the train tracks.
Hiking at Jonathan Dickinson State Park
Jonathan Dickinson is hiker heaven, with a good range of wild and scenic hikes and some very good birding.
There’s a great short boardwalk trail –a half-mile trail up “Hobe Mountain” – South Florida’s highest point, with a 360-degree view of the ocean, Intracoastal Waterway and park.
There are medium-length hikes: A favorite is Kitching Creek Loop trail. Here’s a trail map and guide. The trailhead is off the main parking lot by the river concession area. You can make it a short hike by coming back via the Wilson Creek trail, a larger loop with a beautiful overlook of Kitching Creek or, if you go beyond the overlook, a 7.5 mile hike through scenic forests and meadows.
Birders frequent the Dickinson State Park trails. The Kimbell Education and Visitor Center has interesting interactive exhibits on wildlife in the park, which will enhance your walk. When we visited, a map shown below was displayed to help you spot some of the birds to see in the park.
For back-packers or long-distance hikers, there is the 9.8 mile East Loop Trail. Ask for a trail map at the ranger station.
When we hiked in Jonathan Dickinson once, we ended up wading through ankle-deep water at points, so be aware some trails can be wet, particularly early in the winter.
Backpackers can hike into two wilderness camp sites on segments of the Florida Trail. Maps of the trail are available at the Ranger Station. One camp is five miles out along the trail, and the other is nine miles out. A pitcher pump is located near each camp and water must be treated. (Reservations are not required, but are suggested: 772-546-2771 for information and reservations.)
Map of Jonathan Dickinson hiking trails
Camping at Jonathan Dickinson State Park
Two family campgrounds are located at Jonathan Dickinson State Park. Pine Grove Campground, with 90 sites, is located near the ranger entrance station on the east side of the park. The River Campground, with 45 sites, is about four miles from the park entrance, near the Loxahatchee River.
Both campgrounds have large, tiled restrooms with hot showers. All sites include water, electricity, table and grill. A dump station is located in each campground. Pets are welcome. The maximum RV length is 45 feet.
Our first choice would be the River Campground, where low-lying vegetation and tall trees offer privacy and shade at most sites. Since it is deep in the park, there is no road noise other than minimal traffic during daylight hours to the nearby boat ramp. The campground has paths to the boat ramp and the park concession, where you can rent canoes or take the boat tour.
The new Pine Grove Campground, on the other hand, has small trees with little shade and a low-lying berm that separates it from U.S. 1, where highway traffic can disrupt the camping experience. On the plus side, the new Pine Grove campground has paved access roads and level, well-maintained camping pads that are good for RVs (but not so much for tents).
Just outside the park, and within reasonable walking distance of the Pine Grove campground, is a church, a few shops and a full-service marina with a nice tiki bar that serves burgers and local seafood from Thursday through Sunday. The tiki bar also features entertainment.
While there are 120 campsites, these campgrounds are popular, so reserve early (you can book 11 months in advance) or monitor the reservation site for cancellations. Camping is $26 a night plus utility fees, booking fees and taxes.
There are also two backpack camps on segments of the Florida Trail. One camp is five miles out along the trail, and the other is nine miles out. Reserve primitive sites at ranger station, 772-546-2771.
Cabin rentals at Jonathan Dickinson State Park
There are 12 cabins. The smaller units have a maximum capacity of four in two queen beds, one of which is a sleeper-sofa. Cabins 6 and 7 sleep six.
Most of the “cabins” are actually miniature trailers with about 300 square feet of space, although they do have complete kitchens and small bathrooms with tubs. The units come with linens plus heat and air conditioning. They are beautifully situated in a shady grove of pine trees near the Loxahatchee River. Price: $80 a night in summer; $95 in winter. Here’s a Florida Rambler story on the Jonathan Dickinson State Park cabins.
Historic tidbits about Jonathan Dickinson State Park
Jonathan Dickinson State Park has all sort of fascinating stories from several different eras of history, starting in 1696, when Jonathan Dickinson, a Quaker merchant from Port Royal, Jamaica ,was shipwrecked near here. He and members of his party were captured by the Jaega Indians. Dickinson kept a detailed journal that was widely read at the time. He escaped, traveled to St. Augustine and then on to Colonial Philadelphia, where years later he was elected mayor.
More recent history was made during World War II, when the land that would become the park was developed as Camp Murphy, a top-secret radar training school.
At the time, Dixie Highway was diverted around the park and more than 1,000 buildings quickly sprang up from the scrub.
More than 6,000 people were stationed at the camp, which had its own power plants, sewer system, church and theater. Few locals had any idea what was going on, only that it was a secret Army base. After two years of operation, in November 1944, Camp Murphy was deactivated and the operation was shut down.
As we explored the park, we were delighted to come across a few closed buildings from the Camp Murphy days and a historic marker.
Details for planning your visit to Jonathan Dickinson State Park
- Elsa Kimbell Environmental Education and Research Center. The interpretive center is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. weekends and has free wifi.
- Canoe and kayak rental: Canoes rent for $28 for two hours and $5 an hour after that. Single kayaks are $23 for the first two hours and then $5 an hour. Doubles are $33 for the first two hours and then $5 an hour. Standup paddleboards are $25 for two hours. Motor boats are rented for $55 for two hours; $25 each additional hour. (Prices are as of April 2022.) Details here.
- Shuttle service upriver for canoe or kayak rental: This service, between Riverbend Park and Jonathan Dickinson, is offered by Jupiter Outdoor Center. Call 561-285-8992 for more information.
- Bicycle rentals: Bikes rent for $12- $35 an hour and include mountain bikes. Details here.
- Guided boat tours of the Loxahatchee River. The Loxahatchee Queen II tour boat takes 25 passengers on a narrated two-hour outing to Trapper Nelson’s site. Call 561-746-1466 for more information or see details here.
- Horseback riding at Jonathan Dickinson State Park. In winter, an outfitter brings 20 horses from the Smoky Mountains area south to run trail rides and wagon rides every day. See info on the website or call for details: 561-746-1466.
- Swimming at Jonathan Dickinson State Park. Yes, there is a small “beach” near the picnic areas along the river, where I thought the river was murky and uninviting. Yes, some people do swim there in summer. A ranger told us: “They’re mostly not from Florida.” Spectacular beaches on the Atlantic Ocean are only 15 minutes away.
What’s nearby? Things to do in the Hobe Sound/Jupiter area:
- Overview of outdoor and natural outings in Jupiter, including restaurants and hotels.
- Jonathan Dickinson State Park for hiking, biking camping, cabins, kayaking, birding and more.
- Kayaking the wild and scenic Loxahatchee River
- Blowing Rocks Preserve: Dramatic beach is unique
- Jupiter Inlet and Lighthouse Museum
- The “secret beach” at Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge
- Kayaking to St. Lucie Preserve State Park and its remote, pristine beach
- Busch Wildlife Sanctuary, free park with native animals
- Riverbend Park is great for family bicycling, picnics, walks
- Biking Jupiter Island, scenic low-traffic beachfront road
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The author, Bonnie Gross, travels with her husband David Blasco, discovering off-the-beaten path places to hike, kayak, bike, swim and explore. Florida Rambler was founded in 2010 by Bonnie and fellow journalist Bob Rountree, two long-time Florida residents who have spent decades exploring the Florida outdoors. Their articles have been published in the Sun Sentinel, the Miami Herald, the Orlando Sentinel, The Guardian and Visit Florida.